When information-stealing malware enters the endpoint through an email attachment, a web download or infected media, it attempts to use data exfiltration techniques to communicate stolen data and credentials to the Internet. For example, malware can compromise a legitimate application process, creating a “zombie” process that looks authentic, or directly send data to an external IP address.
With this second layer of security, applications that exhibit data exfiltration states are restricted from communicating with the Internet or other processes but are permitted to perform other, more benign operations such as printing and file access. Restricted applications are then further analyzed and either whitelisted or removed if found malicious.
The key to implementing Stateful Application Control is making it highly manageable so that it requires no end user intervention and minimal IT staff involvement. This can only be accomplished through a sizeable network of endpoints that enable new, legitimate application and data exfiltration states to be detected, whitelisted and immediately pushed out to all protected endpoints via the cloud. Additionally, corporations should be able to whitelist specific tools that would otherwise be restricted due to the nature of their operation.