The report highlights two techniques currently used by malware authors: environmental checks and stalling code.
While environmental checks have been well documented, stalling code is the latest technique being utilized to spread malware. It delays the execution of a malicious code inside a sandbox and instead performs a computation that appears legitimate.
Once the sandbox has timed out, the evasive malware is free to execute. The report finds that stalling codes are particularly troublesome because they “can no longer be handled by traditional sandboxes (even if the trick is known).”
“Current sandboxes have a lack of visibility into the execution of a malware program,” said Giovanni Vigna, CTO of Lastline. “To detect this new breed of evasive threats, a sandbox needs to have visibility and must be able to do this stealthily. Otherwise, as we have seen in stalling code, the malware will react accordingly and remain undetectable.”