This is the 20th consecutive year that IBM topped the annual list of U.S. patent recipients.
IBM's record-setting 2012 patent tally was made possible by more than 8,000 IBM inventors residing in 46 different U.S. states and 35 countries. IBM inventors residing outside the U.S. contributed to nearly 30% of the company's 2012 U.S. patent output.
From 1993-2012, IBM inventors received nearly 67,000 U.S. patents. The company's 2012 patent count exceeded the combined totals of Accenture, Amazon, Apple, EMC, HP, Intel, Oracle/SUN and Symantec.
The Top Ten list of 2012 U.S. patent recipients includes:
1. IBM - 6,478
2. Samsung - 5,081
3. Canon - 3,174
4. Sony - 3,032
5. Panasonic - 2,769
6. Microsoft - 2,613
7. Toshiba - 2,447
8. Hon Hai - 2,013
9. General Electric - 1,652
10. LG Electronics - 1,624
IBM's record 2012 patent output featured inventions that are reshaping how companies are applying technology in today's world of a Smarter Planet and those that are laying the groundwork for the new era of cognitive systems:
U.S. Patent #8,275,803: System and method for providing answers to questions - This patented invention was implemented in the IBM Watson system and describes a technique that enables a computer to take a question expressed in natural language, understand it in detail, and deliver a precise answer to the question.
U.S. Patent #8,250,010: Electronic learning synapse with spike-timing dependent plasticity using unipolar memory-switching elements - This patent relates to algorithms and circuits for efficiently mimicking the learning function of a brain's synapses and lays the foundation for a non-von Neumann computer architecture. IBM is working on a cognitive computing project called Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics (SyNAPSE), which aims to emulate the brain’s abilities for perception, action and cognition while consuming orders of magnitude less power and volume without being programmed.
U.S. Patent #8185480: System and method for optimizing pattern recognition of non-gaussian parameters - This patent describes a technique for dealing with and recognizing patterns in fast growing, large data sets of complex information, such as understanding of spoken phrases or processing satellite data to predict locations of traffic jams.
U.S. Patent #8,200,501: Methods, systems and computer program products for synthesizing medical procedure information in healthcare databases - This invention describes a technique that enables medical professionals to more efficiently access and analyze medical data and records stored in multiple disparate data sources, improving their ability to research, diagnose and treat medical conditions.
U.S. Patent #s 8,291,378: Simplified deployment modeling & 8,332,873: Dynamic application instance placement in data center environments – These patented inventions describe a Software Defined Environment composed of a modeling platform to define application components with their requirements and characteristics, and an intelligent orchestration system to dynamically deploy, update and manage workloads. The inventions enable the IBM PureSystems family of products to use repeatable patterns for faster deployment and optimized workload lifecycle management.
U.S. Patent #8,341,441: Reducing energy consumption in a cloud computing environment – This patented invention describes a technique that enables more efficient and effective use of cloud computing resources, thereby reducing and minimizing energy consumption.
U.S. Patent #8,247,261: Thin substrate fabrication using stress-induced substrate spalling - This patent describes a low-cost method for manufacturing a new class of flexible semiconductor materials that will enable ultra-thin, lightweight and flexible products and can be applied to a wide range of technologies such as biomedical, security, wearable computing and solid-state lighting.
U.S. Patent #8,302,173: Providing a user device with a set of access codes – This invention provides a method to validate and retrieve one or several security codes --valid for only a very short period of time to enhance system security-- via a mobile network (SMS, for example) and a separately encrypted channel from a secure server, for example, to complete a secure transaction or perform secure login operations via a mobile phone.