There is a never ending stream of vulnerabilities in the mechanical and cyber systems that support the grid.
Critical infrastructure control systems are at risk from wireless attacks carried out over Software Defined Radio (SDR), according to Digital Assurance.
As a highly critical sector, the oil and gas infrastructure should be one of the most secure, both physically and digitally.
The EUís cyber security agency ENISA has investigated the challenges for baseline smart grids protection in Europe.
Smart grid industrial control systems (ICS) remain in a state of flux.